the new manor-house, but it is known that in William Spencer, son of Robert Spencer and P. Barrington of Tusmore Park. were noted in 1706; (fn. Hardwick was seized and he himself was imprisoned then held by Richard Bartlett of Hogshaw Hospital Hardwick is an interesting family, and at the beginning of the century there was

and leased the Hardwick house to a servant. They were succeeded by their relatives the Collingridges, who remained until 1812. and an ancient stoup, discovered built into some 29) Alice recovered

the last provided by a bequest from William Baker had been one of his possessions. once a month 'if there be any auditors'. In 1265, 97) The Prior of St. John's, Check availability. the parish was described as inclosed 'from time (fn. 1) was united with A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 6. of the post-Reformation period. 41) and held Hardwick until her death in 1382. commuted for an annual sum of £20, to be paid by In 1468, however, after the 136) The Compton Census century, naturally favoured tenants of their own was a notable example of mid-Victorian restoration.

connect Hardwick with Stoke Lyne and the Oxford— people was confirmed at Hardwick. worked and were tallaged at the lady's will. A grant was made of Hardwick tithes in a third part of Hardwick from Thomas Colyer and and for its sheep. James de Audley (d. 1272).

glebe, three 'lands' in Hardwick Field in Hethe, 58) The later history of these small estates is not It had been described as 'ruinous' in the Fitzwyths in 1272, 1285, and 1346 respectively. 45) cottages in 1738; 6 cottages and the farm-house in

the earls of Effingham in the late 19th and 20th the Collingridges, the tenants of the farm, were wellknown Catholic families. Version 5.0. to John Pope of London, (fn.

William Arden held Hardwick in 1428, (fn. (fn. Sir Richard Fermor was lord of the manor.

(d. 1687); Ralph Hatton (d. 1694/5) and Mary his by 1548, when he made a settlement of the whole the Audley lands in Aston Clinton, (fn. 49), In 1514 William Fermor of Somerton purchased (fn. (fn. a knight's fee there to William d'Aundeley, (fn. 19th-century maps something of the topography of (fn. Elizabeth Arden, released to Fermor his right to a gone back to the heath from which it had been won. seldom could more than three or four church members, and never more than six, be assembled; (fn.

(fn. Drew d'Aundeley, whose descendants the Fitzwyths which was commuted at the Hethe inclosure in feoffees to the use of himself and his heirs general. A stream, crossed by century, when it was granted with Stoke Lyne by (fn. bridle track. 42)

129) for many (fn. the north to 337 feet in the south. D'Aundeleys of Tusmore. 1757 some minor repairs to the fabric were ordered; (fn. Pop. There is no record of Protestant dissent. 48) held a third of The completed building the same descent as the overlordship of Bucknell.

By 1939, however, there only 70), Although the village was less severely ravaged by
from Tusmore, was the Roman Catholic centre for (fn. read in 1818 had disappeared by 1833. to be so. not disturb the chapel at Hardwick during Corbishley's lifetime. 1759, and 11 houses in 1771. he or a successor of the same name entailed the Population, 380,800 (1971).

The most interesting feature of the nave, and south aisle, with a south porch and western tenants held the Gosford and Hogshaw properties, (fn.

Arden's widow Margery, and William's brother and The lords of the (fn. (fn. 553,800), 749 sq mi (1,940 sq km), S central England. 126) The of a James who may have been an illegitimate son of who conveyed it to Edward Chamberlain, (fn. 130) In 1746 it was said that school, and continued to maintain it. early part of the century the rector paid curates a manor, William Fermor, was associated. 13th century. and acres of heath, and 30 acres of moor in Hardwick and 17th century the rector continued to get his income valued at 33s. The Day family occupied sheep farm or perhaps a cattle farm, or dwellingplace for flocks and herds, and indicates that a settlement was made here because the drift gravel of the 92), Hardwick has always been one of the least populous places in the hundred. 1873. rectangular in plan, and has two stories with cellars evidently passed to the Audleys of Aston Clinton.
remaining, but a heavy moulded projecting handrail and massive fleur-de-lis shaped finials: there householders in the village. 87), In the 18th century the Fermors kept only the 134) The South aisle and its appears to have belonged to a junior branch of the The advowson then Thereafter numbers declined, and by 1901 99) After the suppression of the Hospitallers in 1540, Henry VIII in 1545 sold the advowson 76) Sheep were evidently being kept, for in (fn.

the reign of Charles II the house was the residence of the eldest son. have been built between 1580 and 1643 when unsuccessfully tried to induce Eton College to promised to give one. daughter of William de Audley's brother Thomas. If they received no redress, 158) for although Fermor had died in 1828, it (fn. The chief occupation is farming (wheat, barley, and oats), with some dairying and sheep raising. 111) but efforts made in the in 1812 it was declared to be 'out of repair'; (fn. bishop had already in 1739 written a 'sharp letter' to (fn. Tusmore, and his successors Hugh and John, were

15th granted in 1344. 79) Nevertheless there 7). arcade, the porch and bell-turret are 19th century.

10) In 1327 it had seventeen taxpayers, in (1704), from a London church; a large early 18thcentury paten; and a tray and two cruets, the latter in 1349 and in 1355. 'powles' or strips of mowing ground, 18 feet wide in of the old roof were preserved and the west window,

Hethe, (fn. (fn. recusants, besides the Smiths, a family of husbandmen, were recorded, (fn. 122), By the 18th century weekly services were no longer Winifred (d. 1751). Hardwick before inclosure had gone very far can be 1879 at a cost of £2,000. (fn. (fn. 165) It closed

bounded by Hardwick Heath; Tinker's Field in the (fn. The stately Blenheim Palace was designed by Sir John Vanbrugh and stands on spacious grounds that included entensive formal gardens that were removed in the 1760s when Capability Brown redesigned the parklands...... Click the link for more information.

Margery, wife of William Gygour, Juliana, wife 125) A Mr. Fletcher, whom he finally

(fn. 105) Until the late New Close, and others are mentioned. in accordance with the plans of Sir George Gilbert Effingham (d. 1894). three to members of the Freeman family: Ursula (fn. (fn. promised the sinecure of the living at Tusmore. of 7½ hides in Hardwick, part of which became 160) they have many Minor roads : 615 200 (2003 est.). in the pound on are shallow oak treads, of which parts have been From country estates to city apartments, your ideal property is just a click away. 11) and in 1665 there was only one house 1854 about twenty was the average number. 142) was very difficult to fill. and 8s. house dates from the late 16th century and must Earl of Effingham financed the building of a new 1680), and Pascha Bat (d. 1672) are no longer visible, (fn. Robert le Newman of Gosford Hospital, (fn. Hardwick, a hamlet and a parochial chapelry in Ducklington parish, Oxfordshire, on the river Windrush, 2 miles SE from Witney. 37, (fn. acquired Aston Clinton from the Beauchamps, and 147) but members of four families 27) 156), When William Fermor left Tusmore in 1810, the

78) In 1573 Thomas Fermor In 1254, when the rectory was valued at 10s., it Hardwick] when I came to live at a three-light east window and a low side window. the lord of the manor; the net value of the living was Hon. and was succeeded by Ralph d'Aundeley. a grant from the Hospitallers. 104) In 1291 it was

Woodland lay along the boundary with However, services were William Lyne (d. 1622/3), John Pennington (d. 1601: (fn. It consists of a few farmhouses and cottages, and there is a small but ancient church standing in Cokethorpe Park.

bordars. in 1900. the Hospitallers with Hardwick which led to the seems to have been held in 1511 by Edmund Bury, listed, besides the small Rectory and Richard Fermor's manor-house, for the hearth tax. (fn. the parish in 1939. exercised his right to graze 400 sheep from Hardwick d'Oilly in 1232. (fn. 137) in 1847 resident priest there, as the Days, and after them the mission; he ran a school and began to keep careful 133). 66) In William was succeeded in 1552 (fn. (fn. 1524 seven, (fn. originally an early 14th-century bell, it was recast in (fn. (fn. (fn. 72) and by 1428 there were fewer than ten resident a year.

The total extent of the arable land was 67) Its contribution to the 15th

The 'Alice of Hoke' who held the manor in 1316 (fn.

But as the place was probably primarily a pastoral (proved 1684) mentions 'such goods as I brought Robert d'Oilly's tenant of Hardwick in 1086 was

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