Chambliss, originally charged alone, was acquitted of murder in 1963, but was sentenced to life in prison when the case was reopened in 1977. Organized as territory: March 3, 1817Entered Union: Dec. 14, 1819 (22nd State)Present constitution adopted: 1901, State abbreviation/Postal code: Ala./ALNickname: Yellowhammer State, also unofficially the Heart of DixieOrigin of name: From the Alabama River, itself named after the Alabama people.Motto: "Audemus jura nostra defendere" (We dare defend our rights)State symbols:Amphibian: Red Hills salamander (2000)Bird: Yellowhammer (1933)Butterfly: Eastern tiger swallowtail (1989)Dog: Chinook (2009)Freshwater fish: Largemouth bass (1975)Game bird: Wild Turkey (1980)Horse: Racking Horse (1975)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1989)Mammal: American black bear (2006)Reptile: Alabama red-bellied turtle (1990)Saltwater fish: Atlantic tarpon (1955)Shell: Johnstone's junonia (1990)Flower: Camellia (1959)Fruit: Blackberry (2004)Nut: Pecan (1982)Tree: Southern longleaf pine (1997)Tree fruit: Peach (2006)Wildflower: Oak-leaf hydrangea (1999)Fossil: Basilosaurus (1984)Gem: Star blue quartz (1990)Mineral: Hematite (1967)Rock: Marble (1969)Soil: Bama (1997)Barbecue competition: Alabama Barbecue Championship (1991)Bible: Alabama State Bible (1853)Folk dance: Square Dance (1981)Outdoor drama: The Miracle Worker (1991)Outdoor musical drama: The Incident and Looney's Tavern (1993)Quilt: Pine Burr Quilt (1997)Renaissance fair: Florence, AL Renaissance Fair (1988)Song: "Alabama" (1931), Capital: MontgomeryState Website: www.alabama.govGovernor: Kay Ivey, R (to Jan. 2021)Lieut. The Alabama claims were brought by the United States against Great Britain for the damage caused by several Confederate warships built in Liverpool during the Civil War, most notably the commerce raiders Alabama and Florida. Thank you! Take a peek at Alabama history. In the 1950s and '60s, Alabama was the site of such landmark civil-rights actions as the bus boycott in Montgomery (1955-56) and the “Freedom March“ from Selma to Montgomery (1965). Let us know in the comments below! )Area codes Tourism office, See more on Alabama:Encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes. Enter your e-mail address for things to do, restaurants to try and much more! Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. We believe that supporting local attractions is important now more than ever and we hope our articles inspire your future adventures! In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused major flooding and destruction along the coast of Alabama; flood waters reached 11 ft in Mobile. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. Governor: Will Ainsworth, R (to Jan. 2021) Secy. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning "thicket clearers." Continuing as a major manufacturer of coal, iron, and steel, Birmingham is also noted for its world-renowned medical center. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. Cash died in 1994; Blanton and Cherry were tried and convicted in 2001 and 2002 respectively (Cherry died in prison in 2004). Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. While we’re continuing to feature destinations that make our state wonderful, we don’t expect or encourage you to go check them out immediately. GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital. Organized as territory: March 3, 1817Entered Union: Dec. 14, 1819 (22nd State)Present constitution adopted: 1901 Population & EconomyHistorical Population Statistics, 1790–PresentPer Capita Personal IncomeMinimum Wage RatesState TaxesFederal Government ExpenditurePercent of People in PovertyBirths and Birth RatesHomeownershipPercentage of Uninsured by State, Society & Culture:Most Livable StatesHealthiest StatesMost Dangerous StatesSmartest StatesCrime IndexResidency Requirements for VotingCompulsory School Attendance LawsDriving Laws, Geography & ClimateRecord Highest TemperaturesRecord Lowest TemperaturesHighest, Lowest, and Mean ElevationsLand and Water Area. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life as we all practice social and physical distancing. She enjoys discovering new places and currently calls North Alabama home. What are some other interesting historical facts about Alabama? Twenty-two counties were declared federal disaster areas. Spanish explorers arrived in the region in 1540 ...read more, Bordered by the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north and the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming to the east, Utah and Nevada to the south, and Oregon and Washington to the west, Idaho is twice as large as the six New England states combined. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. The state ranks high in the production of poultry, soybeans, milk, vegetables, livestock, wheat, cattle, cotton, peanuts, fruits, hogs, and corn. General: Steve Marshall, R (apptd. Representatives: 7Senators: Richard Shelby, R (to Jan. 2023); Doug Jones, D (to Jan. 2021)See Also: Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Residents: Alabamian, AlabamanResident population: 4,858,979 (24rd Largest State, 2015)10 largest cities (2014): Birmingham, 212,461; Montgomery, 200,602; Mobile, 194,288; Huntsville, 190,582; Tuscaloosa, 98,332; Hoover, 84,848; Dothan, 68,567; Auburn, 62,059; Decatur, 55,437; Madison, 46,962Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census): White (68.5%); Black (26.2%); American Indian (0.6%); Asian (1.1%); Other race (2.0%); Two or more races (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino (3.9%).Religion: Protestant (78%); No religion (12%); Catholic (7%); Mormon (1%); Other (2%)Sex: Male (48.4%); Female (51.6%).Age: Under 18 (22.5%); 18-64 (63.4%); 65 and over (14.1%). Median Age: 37.9See Also: Additional Alabama Census Data. All Rights Reserved. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. Tate Farms In Alabama Is A Classic Fall Tradition, One Of The Highest Bridges In The Whole Country Is Right Here In Alabama, Visit Babe’s Doughnut Co. (131,427 sq km)Geographic center: In Chilton Co., 12 mi. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In Alabama For A Variety Of Delicious Gourmet Doughnuts And More, 8 Reasons Why DeSoto State Park Is Alabama’s Ideal Getaway Destination For Fall, 13 Images People From Alabama Will Immediately Recognize, 25 Things You Can Only Brag About If You’re From Alabama, 10 Amazing Alabama Secrets You Never Knew Existed, Here Are 12 Things They Don’t Teach You About Alabama In School, https://www.onlyinyourstate.com/nominate/, 10 Insanely Beautiful Photos Of Turkey Creek Nature Preserve In Alabama That Will Make You Want To Visit, These Floating Cabins In Alabama Are The Ultimate Place To Stay Overnight This Summer, The One Alabama Town Everyone Must Visit This Fall, If You Grew Up In Alabama, You Definitely Love These 10 Classic Dishes, This Quaint Tea House In Alabama Is A True Hidden Gem, You Could Spend Hours At This Giant Outdoor Marketplace In Alabama, Revisit The Glory Days At This 50s-Themed Restaurant In Alabama, This Indoor Go-Karting Adventure In Alabama Is A Must Do This Year, 7 Of The Greatest Mountain Hiking Trails In Alabama For Beginners, The Whole Family Will Love A Trip To This Bigfoot-Themed Donut Shop In Alabama, Follow This Preserve Loop Trail To Experience Some Of Alabama’s Most Beautiful Scenery. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Get more stories delivered right to your email. )State parks: 22 (45,614 ac. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. Early inhabitants of the area that became Mississippi included the Choctaw, Natchez and Chickasaw. The Saturn V rocket that made it possible for humans to land on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. The British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 forbade the ...read more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. The state played a key role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. Their accomplished combat record, including the accumulation of more than 850 medals, was an important factor in President Truman’s decision to desegregate armed forces in 1948. Discover an overview of Alabama's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector. In 1919, the city of Enterprise erected a monument to the boll weevil in recognition of the destructive insect’s role in saving the county’s economy by encouraging farmers to grow more lucrative crops such as peanuts instead of traditional cotton. Today paper, chemicals, rubber and plastics, apparel and textiles, primary metals, and automobile manufacturing constitute the leading industries of Alabama. of State: John Merrill, R (to Jan. 2023)General Treasurer: John McMillan, R (to Jan. 2021)Atty. Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area. Hank Aaron baseball player;Ralph Abernathy civil rights activist;Tallulah Bankhead actress;Hugo L. Black jurist;George Washington Carver educator, agricultural chemist;Nat "King" Cole entertainer;Mia Hamm soccer player;Lionel Hampton jazz musician;W. C. Handy composer; Courtney Cox actress;Helen Keller author and educator;Coretta Scott King civil rights leader;Harper Lee writer;Carl Lewis athlete;Joe Louis boxer;Willie Mays baseball player;Jim Nabors actor; Jesse Owens athlete;Rosa Parks civil rights activist;Condoleeza Rice Secretary of State;Wayne Rogers actor;George Wallace governor;William Weatherford/Red Eagle Creek leader;Hank Williams singer and songwriter. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. Need a reference? by government)U.S. During the American Revolution, Vermont ...read more, Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. constitution in 1788.Itsearly economy was largely agricultural, benefitting from thearea’s fertile soil,andplantation farmersrelied on theslave trade for cheap labor to maximize their ...read more. During the later 19th century, the economy of the state slowly improved with industrialization. It has been portrayed ...read more, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state in 1817 and gets its name from the Mississippi River, which forms its western border. It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to …

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