On March 2, 1955, Colvin was taking the bus home from high school when the driver ordered her to give up her seat, according to NPR. Bates escorted and advocated for the students amid intense opposition, and is honored by the state of Arkansas with a state holiday on the third Monday of February. Vernon Odom reports during Action News at Noon on September 26, 2017.

Nash also coordinated the Nashville Student Movement Ride, which was part of the Freedom Rides in 1961, coordinating between her fellow students, the media, and the Department of Justice. Bates escorted and advocated for the students amid intense opposition, and is honored by the, in Birmingham in 1963, and received a Rosa Parks Award from the SCLC, . was invited to the White House when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, and in 1990, she received the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Medal. Here are biographies for some of the many historical and modern people celebrated during Black History Month. —but many may not know just *how* pivotal a figure she was. Nine months before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, a then 15-year-old Claudette Colvin did the same. Visit our list of Women’s History Month Biographies, too!). From activists to entertainers to record-breaking athletes to a postal worker, 6abc shines a spotlight on the contributions of 29 influential African Americans in Philadelphia and beyond as we celebrate Black History Month. In 1883, Dr. Crumpler published a renowned book, Book of Medical Discourses In Two Parts, which many believe is the first medical text written by an African-American author. She was accepted to New England Female Medical College and earned an M.D. In the 1950s, she lobbied President Dwight D. Eisenhower to take an aggressive stance on school desegregation issues. She became the chief of the Associated Negro Press in 1947, which would allow her a year later to become the first female African American to follow a President's campaign out on the road. Images of famous black history figures.

Still haven’t found the Black History Month figure you’re looking for? Boynton Robinson and the roughly 600 demonstrators were forcefully attack by state troopers with tear gas, billy clubs, and whips. Obsess Over These TV Shows Next, Movies Everybody Should Watch At Least Once, How Each BLACKPINK Member Became a Star, 'The Undoing' Is Fall's Most Thrilling Drama, 'Haunting of Hill House' Will Return Soon, It's Been a Weird Year for 'The Bachelorette', Halloween Costumes You Can Wear for Work Zooms, The Documentaries You Can't Afford to Miss in 2020. was taking the bus home from high school when the driver ordered her to give up her seat. Have a good idea for an addition to this list? Boynton Robinson was hospitalized after the march and a horrific photo of her injuries was widely circulated. Dr. Crumpler was the first African-American woman physician in the United States. Editors handpick every product that we feature. In 1968, Chisholm, was elected as the first African-American Congresswoman, and later became one of the. Colvin refused, saying she paid her fare and it was her constitutional right, but was then arrested by two police officers.

The organization has planted over 51 million trees in Kenya since its founding in 1977. The organization housed and fed homeless youth that identified as queer, as well as sex workers in the lower part of New York City, said USA TODAY. How to Prepare Your Garden for Autumn/Winter to Attract Birds Besides dealing with many domestic cases, she worked to stop probation officers from getting assignments based on the color of their skin. In July 1944, Morgan Kirkaldy was arrested after she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Virginia. However, they are not always recognized for their efforts, with some remaining anonymous and others becoming famous for their achievements. Born in 1831, Dr. Crumpler first worked as a nurse in Massachusetts between 1852 and 1860. Maathai served as the chairman for six years on the National Council of Women in Kenya, and introduced the idea of accomplishing the largest tree-planting campaign in Africa—the Green Belt Movement.

Maggie Maloney is the associate editor at Town & Country and ELLE Decor, where she covers style, beauty, jewelry, and the many members of the royal family. began her civil rights activism in the 1930s, when she started advocating for voting rights after becoming one of the few African-American women registered to vote in Selma, Alabama. Chisholm was a pioneer for African-American women holding major roles in the government. Copyright © 2020 WPVI-TV. How Will ‘Black Panther’ Go On Without Chadwick Boseman. Who2 does not collect any personal information.

She was also the first black female member of the Senate and House of Representatives press galleries. While Southern states largely ignored the ruling, Morgan Kirkaldy's case was a pioneer in civil rights law. Height also worked with Martin Luther King Jr. and she stood on the platform with as he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in August 1963. Jane Bolin became the nation's first Black woman judge in 1939. Of the many accomplishments Nash has made in her lifelong commitment to civil rights activism, her most famous contributions include her work organizing and leading Freedom Rides and sit-ins.

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